Philosophy of language 100c sense and reference kyle dickey. Judgement in the nar rower sense could be characterized as a. In large part, these developments spawned from freges understanding that, in order to derive the postulates of arithmetic from the laws of logic, he. Freges reasons for thinking that a theory of reference must be. Freges most explicit use of this is in the beginning of. He also thinks that declarative sentences express what he calls thoughts. A relation between objects, or between names or signs of objects. Equality 1 gives rise to challenging questions which are not altogether easy to answer. For frege, the sense is the sort of meaning a linguistic expression has over and above its putative referent lycan, pg. Frege on sense and reference ted sider phil language basic idea. In begriffsschrift, as the title implies, freges primary goal was to present a logical theory. Redressing freges failure to develop a logical calculus for the theory of.
Notes to gottlob frege stanford encyclopedia of philosophy. Create an aipowered research feed to stay up to date with new papers like this posted to arxiv. Freges new solution to the puzzle finds a way of rejecting 9b and 9c while avoiding the pitfalls we saw above i. If every thought requires an owner and belongs to the contents of his consciousness, then the thought has this owner alone. The reasons which seem to favor this are the following.
Locke referencesense idea reference is an object perceivable by the senses an internal image arising from the memories of sense impressions which i have had and acts, both internal and external which i have performed not saturated with feelings saturated with feelings. On sense and reference gottlob frege as reprinted in a. As frege says at the outset of on sense and reference, identity gives rise to. The biggest difference between sense and reference is that the first concept belongs to the linguistic world while the reference belongs to the nonlinguistic world, the real one. Although frege says that a sign name or joining words must be composed by both concepts sense and reference, there are words that lack any of these concepts. There is in a sense a backward road from references to senses. The essence of freges philosophy of language lies on the fact that he was actually concerned about formulating a theory of meaning which is inseparably connected to the theories of sense and reference. The aim of this book is to place freges theory of sense and reference in the context of his general philosophical framework and to support the general view that freges theory of sense and reference belongs to the epistemological tradition of modern philosophy that stems from kant vii. For everyone who specifies a reference must do so in some way.
In the philosophy of language, the distinction between sense and reference was an innovation. Russells objections to freges theory 7 russells objections to freges theory of sense and reference by john r. The clarity of its separate parts remains the same the clarity of. Kripke the city university of new york, graduate center abstract. A quick overview of freges theory as it applies to singular terms, predicates, and sentences. Equality gives rise to challenging questions which are not altogether easy to answer. Frege extended the theory of sense and reference to all expressions. Pdf mark textor, frege on sense and reference researchgate. It is a seductive option, recommended by emphasizing the physicolinguistic third of the meaning triad we looked at with grice 3.
The editor is himself an accomplished philosopher with several publications on the origins of. Nondescriptive fregean theories will be discussed later. This chapter analyzes freges theory of sense and reference. For ease of reference, the original pagination is indicated in double square brackets. Philosophy of language 100c sense and reference youtube.
Freges reasons for thinking that a theory of reference must be supplemented with a theory of sense. Kripkes frege kripkes frege theory of sense and reference. Pdf on nov 16, 2014, michael kremer and others published mark textor, frege on sense and reference find, read and cite all the. Frege saw the formulae of mathematics as the paradigm of clear, unambiguous writing. Then, by her awareness of how she has specified the reference, she is aware of the way the reference is fixed, and hence is aware of the sense. Freges puzzle about identity sentences as frege says at the outset of on. This book is an analysis of freges views on language metaphysics raised in on sense reference, arguably one of the most important philosophical essays of the past hundred years. It provides a thorough introduction to the functionargument analysis and applies freges technique to the central notions of predication, identity, existence and truth. Argues that frege is committed to a doctrine of acquaintance and revelatory. Now the question is whether that thought is the sense or the reference of a sentence.
Frege on the thesis that meanings are mental freges argumentagainstthe thesis thatthe meanings oflinguistic expressions i. Lecture notes introduction to philosophy of language. Frege and the logic of sense and reference kevin c. The investigations into mathematics and logic also led frege to develop a substantial philosophy of language and theory of semantic content. A predicate expresses a sense that presents a set of objects or, more accurately, the characteristic function of. On concept and object by gottlob frege first published in the vierteljahrsschrift fi4r wissenschaftliche philosophie, 16 1892.
The direct sense of a sentence is the stand alone meaning of the sentence, i. Gottlob frege on sense and reference excerpt1 english translation of part of gottlob frege. Freges on sense and reference philosophy of language. Freges paper, on sense and reference, is widely considered the beginning of analytic philosophy. Freges theory of sense and reference that marcus family home. Bedeutung bedeutungswou instead of having a sense sinnvouy. What i used to call judgeable content is now divided into thought and truthvalue. His solution is to postulate two distinct aspects of meaning, which he labels senseor sinn and referenceor bedeutung. Unfortunately, the path is rugged and progress is slow. An explanation of gottlob freges solutions to freges puzzle and the problem of propositional attitude reports using freges theory of sense. Russells objections to freges theory of sense and reference. Gottlob frege 18481925 in general, then, the principle of identity substitution seems to take the following form, where s is a sentence, n and m are names, and s n differs from s m only by the fact that at least one occurrence of m replaces n.
Freges theory of indirect contexts and the shift of sense and reference in these contexts has puzzled many. Gottlob frege in 20th century philosophy categorize this paper options. The indirect sense of a sentence is its meaning to the subject of the main clause thought. The conclusion is to ascribe to frege an implicit doctrine of acquaintance similar to that of russell. Frege examines the question of how the object which is designated by a sign is related to the meaning which is expressed by the sign. Sameness is misleading in stating the initial puzzle. Frege on sense and nominatum pdf in the philosophy of language, the distinction between sense and reference was an innovation or significance, but rendered. Sense now it is plausible to connect with a sign name, word combination. Frege on sense and reference philosophy 431 september 29, 2015 i.
Pdf on nov 16, 2014, michael kremer and others published mark textor, frege on sense and reference find, read and cite all the research you need on researchgate. Frege attributed to every significant expression of the language two distinct but closely related semantic 1 properties its reference or. The story weve been telling has it that a name denotes an individual and an open sentence represents a property, and the sentence obtained by substituting a name for free occurrences of a variable in an open sentence is true if and only if the. Hesperus is the name the greeks gave to the first star visible in the. Frege and the logic of sense and reference by kevin klement. Freges argument about the sense and reference of a sentence. He worked as a mathematics professor at the university of jena, and is understood by many to be the father of analytic philosophy, concentrating on the philosophy of language, logic, and mathematics. Searle it is commonly supposed that russell adopted the theory of descriptions in preference to freges theory of sense and. Freges response to this objection is to distinguish between the direct sense and the indirect sense of a sentence. The differentiate between sense and reference english. Frege on sense and reference university of notre dame.1206 299 732 1439 233 1087 774 1211 1620 1142 978 1185 1277 1163 657 242 1148 784 1334 1389 1644 1388 273 217 308 1198 866 602 868 392 1244 1145 1506 1131 238 22 1092 333 119 34 1108 15 261 1459 1044